cartoons and puppetry

cartoons and puppetry
   One of the great growth areas in television has been cartoons and puppetry. American television has clearly been influential, with Sesame Street and The Simpsons, especially as children and teenagers watch more television than adults and programme makers have been able to ‘follow the age curve’ by supplying new shows to growing audiences. Research from the Independent Television Commission in 1996 showed children watching ninety minutes more television per week than three years previously. Many of the ideas have originated in Britain: Jim Henson’s Muppet Show was based in London, Super Ted started on S4C, and Spitting Image and Nick Park’s Wallace and Grommit are entirely home grown.
   Puppetry developed from crude beginnings on television with Bill and Ben the Flowerpot Men, the Woodentops, Muffin the Mule and Harry Corbett’s Sooty Show. But none of these achieved the audience reached in the 1970s by Ivan Owen’s Basil Brush. Twelve million viewers made him a national figure. The Queen, Princess Anne and James Callaghan, the prime minister, were said to be fans. He appeared regularly with Derek Fowlds (Sir Humphrey’s sidekick in the situation comedy Yes, Minister) and with Sir Michael Hordern, breaking a convention that puppets and humans don’t mix, and is set to reappear on satellite television. One of the most successful puppet series of recent years has been Spitting Image. It is credited with destroying the political fortunes of the Liberal Party with its puppets of the two Davids, Owen and Steel, and its scathing representation of the monarchy has undoubtedly influenced as well as reflected popular opinion. Teletubbies would appear to be in the crude mode of Bill and Ben, but shrewd marketing has ensured its export and financial success.
   Since 1992, three cartoon channels primarily aimed at children have been launched: The Cartoon Network, Nickelodeon and the Disney Channel. These can move markets: in 1996, British supermarket chains claimed that spinach sales in Britain doubled for two years in a row, due to a rerun of Popeye cartoons on the BBC. The Cartoon Network now commands 30 percent of all television watched by children aged between two and nine. The most striking cartoon series have come to television via animation. Terry Gilliam’s Monty Python animations have given way to those of Nick Park, who won Oscars for his works The Wrong Trousers and A Close Shave with the characters Wallace and Grommit. These cartoons are influenced by the (over)complex inventions of Heath Robinson.
   See also: television, children’s

Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture . . 2014.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Monty Python and the Holy Grail — Promotional poster for 2001 re release Directed by Terry Gilliam …   Wikipedia

  • Alvin and the Chipmunks — For other uses, see Alvin and the Chipmunks (disambiguation). Alvin and the Chipmunks Background information Origin Fresno, California, U.S. Genres …   Wikipedia

  • animation —    With a long history in the United Kingdom, animation has developed along different lines to the much larger industry in North America. The lack of a large film distribution network meant a relative scarcity of work for animators in the postwar …   Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture

  • Norman Hetherington — Self portrait, 1946. Born Norman Frederick Hetherington 29 May 1921(1921 05 29) Lilyfield, New South Wales …   Wikipedia

  • arts, East Asian — Introduction       music and visual and performing arts of China, Korea, and Japan. The literatures of these countries are covered in the articles Chinese literature, Korean literature, and Japanese literature.       Some studies of East Asia… …   Universalium

  • List of fictional dogs — This is an incomplete list, which may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries. This is a list of fictional dogs from literature, films etc. (It also includes some… …   Wikipedia

  • Li'l Abner — This article is about the comic strip. For the stage musical, see Li l Abner (musical). For the film musical, see Li l Abner (1959 film). For the 1940 film, see Li l Abner (1940 film). Li l Abner It s Jack Jawbreaker! Li l Abner visits the… …   Wikipedia

  • Dr. Seuss — Theo Geisel redirects here. For the physicist, see Theo Geisel (physicist). Dr. Seuss Theodor Seuss Geisel surrounded by his literary works. He holds one of his most popular, The Cat in the Hat. Born Theodor Seuss Geisel March 2, 1904 …   Wikipedia

  • Pee-wee's Playhouse — Title card Format Children s television series, Comedy Created by Paul Reubens Starring …   Wikipedia

  • List of fictional birds — Birds in legends, mythology, and religion= Swan Maiden a mythical creature who shapeshifts from human form to swan form. Appears in various traditions. Abrahamic mythology Judeo Christian * Noah s Dove * Noah s Raven * Ravens who fed Elijah… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”